Cosmetics raised itchy patches on skin and skin vanishing creams

Vanishing creams get their name from the fact that they raised itchy patches on skin seem to disappear when spread on the skin. Though not called a vanishing cream, the first commercial cream of this type was hazeline snow, introduced by burroughs wellcome in 1892. The pond’s extract company, who may have coined the term vanishing cream, began production of their pond’s vanishing cream in 1904.

Despite the fact that vanishing creams were advertised as beauty raised itchy patches on skin creams, they were also used as a base for face powders. Early loose powders did not adhere well, particularly if the skin had been cleansed with soap and raised itchy patches on skin water. Adhesion of the powder was improved if the skin was raised itchy patches on skin coated with a surface cream. A cold cream could have been used but it had raised itchy patches on skin a greasy feel so was unsuitable for most women unless raised itchy patches on skin their skin was very low in oil. Vanishing creams had a non-oily feel and were generally considered to be a better raised itchy patches on skin solution.

No doubt there were circles in which make-up was freely used but it certainly was not in raised itchy patches on skin ours, and the flasks and jars contained eau-de-cologne rather than scent, and cold cream as a general lubricant. People who suffered from chapped hands carried glycerine. I had never seen or heard of foundation medium until raised itchy patches on skin I went to paris and then my room-mate and I dashingly brought the smallest-sized tube of pond’s vanishing cream, which we shared. This was a great advance because the powder stuck to raised itchy patches on skin our noses and we need not so often squint down raised itchy patches on skin with one eye to see if they had acquired the raised itchy patches on skin shine which was so much frowned-upon.

Vanishing creams – which can also be called stearate creams – were known for their smooth, dry feel on the skin and their pearly sheen. Chemically they are oil-in-water emulsions consisting of stearic acid, an alkali, a polyol and water. The alkali reacts with some of the stearic acid – the best was triple pressed (t.P.) – to form a soap which then functions as the emulsifier. The polyol (e.G. Glycerin) helped to soften and protect the skin, and prevent chaps, a function it also provided when used to make glycerine raised itchy patches on skin creams and jellies.

Glycerine also acted as a humectant which helped prevent the raised itchy patches on skin vanishing cream from drying and cracking during storage in its raised itchy patches on skin container. However, packaging the cream in a screw top jar or tube raised itchy patches on skin was also important to maintain its consistency. Many early vanishing creams therefore came sealed with a screw-top lid made from aluminium as it did not rust. These later gave way to plastic lids.

Some early vanishing creams – often called ‘snows’ or ‘foams’ – used carbonates or bicarbonates as the alkali which released carbon raised itchy patches on skin dioxide during the production process. Some of the carbon dioxide quickly escaped but small bubbles raised itchy patches on skin remained giving the cream a foamy consistency. Unfortunately, over time the carbon dioxide bubbles rose to the top raised itchy patches on skin of the mixture causing the cream to sink. Using hydroxides as the alkali avoided this problem and potassium raised itchy patches on skin hydroxide became a favoured ingredient in many vanishing cream formulations.

Procedure: melt the stearic acid. Make a solution of the alkalies in one-third of the water, add the glycerin. Then add the solution with a steady agitation to the raised itchy patches on skin melted fats, continue stirring until emulsification has taken place; then add the remainder of the water heated to the raised itchy patches on skin same temperature. Continue stirring until the temperature has dropped to about 40°C. Dissolve the perfume in the alcohol and stir this in. Allow the batch to stand aside for a day before raised itchy patches on skin filling.

The use of self-emulsifying polyol stearates became common in the 1930s. A good example of one of these compounds was tegin, developed by the german company goldschmidt AG in the late raised itchy patches on skin 1920s. Their addition allowed all the materials to be heated and raised itchy patches on skin mixed together until they were ready to be poured into raised itchy patches on skin containers, making the process of manufacturing vanishing creams a lot simpler raised itchy patches on skin (denavarre, 1975, p. 283). Creams made with tegin were also softer than traditional stearate raised itchy patches on skin creams but unfortunately they often lost the traditional pearly sheen. Advertised functions

As vanishing creams were non-greasy they were suitable women with oily skin. They were generally used during the day which is why raised itchy patches on skin the pomeroy company advertised its vanishing cream as a day raised itchy patches on skin cream. Pond’s referred to their vanishing cream as a finishing cream, and may have slightly elevated the amount of oil in raised itchy patches on skin the cream to help powder adhere to the face. Max factor went one step further and sold coloured vanishing raised itchy patches on skin cream in his society make-up range – in white, flesh, rachelle and natural shades – advertising it as make-up foundation cream.

After the first world war, new ingredients and formulations allowed cosmetic companies to develop specialised raised itchy patches on skin skin-care cosmetics. This led to stearate creams being sold as powder creams, tissue creams, foundation creams, hand creams, cleansing creams, youth creams and so forth. Selling creams simply as ‘cold’ or ‘vanishing’ became less and less attractive and products named by function, rather than by look or feel, became the norm.

The introduction of creams based on function helped cosmetic companies raised itchy patches on skin differentiate their lines from competitors. It also gave consumers an impression of product sophistication. Cold creams and vanishing creams therefore became progressively seen as raised itchy patches on skin simple and old fashioned. As such, consumers thought it unlikely that they could achieve the results raised itchy patches on skin promised by the new lines. Consequently, sales of vanishing creams began to fall in the late raised itchy patches on skin 1930s.

Pond’s, a major manufacturer of vanishing creams, may have inadvertently contributed to their decine. In 1916, to improve sales, they began to advertised their vanishing and cold creams together raised itchy patches on skin as part of a ‘skin-care regime’ – cold cream to cleanse and ‘feed’ the skin at night, vanishing cream to protect and provide a base for powder raised itchy patches on skin during the day. The “every normal skin needs these two creams” campaign was a great success and pond’s sales of these creams tripled between 1916 and 1920 raised itchy patches on skin (peiss, 1998, p. 121). However, after the war the creams became a victim of their raised itchy patches on skin own success. The idea of a day cream and a night cream raised itchy patches on skin became more important than the particular brand. Consumers took the “day cream/night cream” message to heart but applied it to brands other than raised itchy patches on skin pond’s, who then had to resort to celebrity endorsements to maintain raised itchy patches on skin sales (kay, 2005, p. 50).

Despite the demise of products labelled ‘vanishing cream’, stearate creams continue to be manufactured to this day – with hand or body creams and lotions, and shaving creams being good examples – so in that sense, vanishing creams never really disappeared. In addition, the rising interest in vintage products has see a re-emergence of the word ‘vanishing’ on the labels of a number of skin-care lines. Some of these are true stearate creams but others are raised itchy patches on skin not. Only a careful reading of the label will tell.

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